Blog da Rede de Inovação no Setor Público

20 de jul. de 2015

Capital Ideas: How to Generate Innovation in the Public Sector

O relatório "Capital Ideas: How to Generate Innovation in the Public Sector", foi publicado em julho/2010 e tem como autores Jitinder Kohli (do Center for American Progress/USA) e Geoff Mulgan (à época, da The Young Foundation, atualmente no NESTA/UK).

Além de apresentar um conjunto de recomendações para a adoção de práticas inovadoras pelo governo federal norte-americano, o documento também apresenta mais de 20 casos de sucesso internacionais de inovação no setor público.

Outra novidade é a introdução do "Ciclo de Seis Etapas da Inovação Social", que destaco no diagrama acima apresentado e no texto a seguir transcrito.


"The Six-Stage Cycle of Social Innovation

Innovation in the private sector follows a process from invention to wide adoption of new goods or services. Social innovation follows a similar cycle and there are six stages from inception to impact.

These stages are not always sequential — some innovations can jump a stage or two — and there can be feedback loops between them:

1. Prompts, inspirations, and diagnoses. Solutions derive from problems. The impetuses for social innovation are therefore often social problems: funding crises, systemic failures, tragedies. These prompts can be founts of creative inspiration, but must be accurately diagnosed in order to identify the root causes of particular problems. New technologies or knowledge can also sometimes act as prompts.

2. Proposals and ideas. Once a problem or a new possibility is understood, social innovators set about generating ideas for solutions.

3. Prototyping and pilots. This is the testing stage. Whether through controlled trials or just running an idea up the flagpole and seeing if anyone salutes, the refining and prototyping process is critical for social innovation. Ideas are battle-tested, supportive coalitions emerge, internecine conflicts get smoothed out, and success benchmarks become formalized.

4. Sustaining. Here, the training wheels come off and the road to long-term viability is paved. That means finding revenue streams, writing supportive legislation, and assembling the human and technical resources to put the air beneath the wings of innovation. The idea often has to become simpler at this stage.

5. Scaling and diffusion. The idea takes off here, reaping social economies of scale through expansion, replication, and diffusion. There is no profit motive to drive social innovation across the globe like in the private sector. Social solutions often require government intervention and public-private partnerships to grow.

6. Systemic change. This is the end-game of social innovation. An idea, or many ideas in concert, become so entrenched that they give birth to new modes of thinking, new architectures, and ultimately entirely new frameworks."

← Anterior Proxima  → Página inicial

0 comentários:

Postar um comentário